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Cricket Lifespan: All You Need to Know

green cricket on leaf
Written by M. Steven

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The start of summer signals warm weather, beautiful sunny days, and no more hiding inside during the harshness of winter. But it also means the beginning of something not quite so pleasant – the onslaught of noisy, annoying crickets. They appear when the ground is dry and cracks, and this enables them to emerge and take flight. Yes, disturbingly, crickets can fly.

What Are Crickets?

cricket

There are a number of species of cricket, but the most common one is the black cricket.  Their lifespan depends a lot on the type of cricket, as some live longer than others. Mature crickets tend to lay their eggs in the falls, so they are protected from the nasty weather and temperatures, and they are ready to hatch and emerge in the spring.

Reproduction Habits of Crickets

The courting of the female cricket by the male can last anywhere from just a few minutes right up to several hours, and this depends largely on the type of cricket. The male performs a mating dance to woo the female, and after they have successfully mated, the female will lay her eggs. When the eggs hatch, the young crickets are called nymphs, and they go through a process of growing and molting their skin until they become adults. This normally takes a few weeks.

You can see all of this on this video:

Species of Crickets

There are three main species of cricket in the United States, and they are quite different from each other. The most common is the Field Cricket, which is black in color and sings prolifically during the nights of summer and into the early stages of fall. They blend in with the environment because of their color, so you may not always know they are around, apart from the noise they make. They can venture inside your home, but they don’t take up residence inside.

The House cricket doesn’t necessarily live up to its name. You would expect it to be an insect that lives in your house, but they are typically found outside. In fact, you are more likely to find a field cricket inside than a house cricket. These crickets love your house lights, and you will often find them hanging around your trash cans.

The third species is the Camel cricket, and these are quite different to the other two species. This is because they cannot make any noise, as they have no organs for producing sound. You will usually find camel crickets in damp or cool areas such as your basement. Because they are silent, the only way you would normally find them is if you actually went looking for them.

How Long Do Crickets Live?

If you have crickets around, you may wonder how long they live for. Perhaps you want to know the length of time you will have to put up with the chirping noise they make, which can be quite intrusive if there are lots of crickets. Or maybe you have a problem with them inside and you want them gone. There are a number of factors that affect the lifespan of the cricket, including the type of cricket, as mentioned above. Here are the other factors that affect how long the cricket can live.

Climate

If you are in a warmer part of the country, the average lifespan of a cricket is over a year. If you live in an area where there are definite changes of season, a good rule of thumb is that the cricket will live from the time they hatch in the spring until the first real freeze of winter.

Predators

american kestrel

There are a variety of animals that like to dine on crickets, especially birds. Even your pet cat will eat a cricket. So, if there are a lot of animals around, the cricket will be lucky to last a few weeks. Some may last a few months if they are lucky. However, crickets produce a lot of offspring, so there could be a continuous supply of crickets. Great for the predators to snack on, but it means you won’t get rid of the crickets straight away.

Habitat

Their habitat plays a major role in how long the crickets can live. Outdoors they are at the mercy of the weather, the climate, and the predators, so their life may be rather short. But, if they are kept inside, you remove these factors and captive crickets have been reported to live for almost two years.

Where Can You Find Crickets?

This depends a lot on the type of cricket, but there are a few common areas where they can usually be located.

Trash Cans

Field crickets and house crickets can often be found near trash cans or garbage dumps, as they supply a good amount of food for the crickets. They like to eat decaying material and dead insects, and these areas can provide plenty of food.

Dark and Cool Areas

You are more likely to find a camel cricket in dark and cool areas because they prefer the temperature. Not only is your basement a good place for these crickets to live, other areas such as caves or beneath logs also provide the required darkness and lower temperatures.

Fields and Yards

tall grass

Of course the field cricket is most likely to be found in a field or in your yard. They are true outdoor crickets, and they prefer to live amongst nature. Although these crickets may accidentally find their way inside your house, they will usually look for a way out, because they would rather be in the outdoors. House crickets are sometimes found along the road, dining on the garbage people have tossed out.

How Do You Get Rid of Crickets?

When someone wants to know how long crickets live, the majority of the time it is because they have some level of cricket infestation that they want to be rid of. It doesn’t have to be an indoor infestation either. Sometimes you just want the noise to stop! Here ae some ways to get rid of those annoying insects.

Dry Out Your Damp Areas

If you remove a lot of the moisture in the home, you will attract fewer crickets. They all need water, and the camel crickets will only live in damp areas. So, by getting rid of any excess water lying around, the crickets will leave.

Clean the Yard

Keep your lawn nice and short and get rid of any weeds in the garden. Also remove wood piles and compost heaps from the area of the house. By keeping your yard nice and clean, the crickets will have nowhere to hide and nothing to eat.

Insecticide

This is the ultimate method for getting rid of crickets, if you don’t mind using a poison. You can both target the cricket and spray it when you see it, or spray around the outside of your home and yard. Make sure you read the warning labels first to ensure the people in your home and your pets are safe.

Tips for Preventing Crickets

The first line of defense against crickets is always going to be prevention. This is much easier than trying to get rid of them once they have settled in. If you follow these tips, you will stop crickets from finding your property appealing.

Seal up Your Trash

Keep your garbage and trash bags locked away in a trash can with the lid attached firmly. Garbage and trash provide a smorgasbord of food for crickets so if you remove the food source, the crickets won’t come. If you don’t have a trash can, keep your garbage in a shed or garage so it isn’t exposed.

Fix Your Lighting

Crickets, especially the house and field crickets are very attracted to lights. If you have to have a light on your porch, choose one that has the lowest wattage possible, but will still give you enough light for what you need. The lower the lighting, the less attractive it is to the crickets. Better still, when you go to bed turn off all of your outside lights if you can. This includes solar lights, if this is possible.

Remove Yard Debris

If there is clutter about, there will be crickets because they like to hang around it, as it gives them shelter and protection from predators. Depending on the clutter it can also provide a food source for the crickets. If you have a wood pile, move it to the corner of the yard that is furthest away from your house. Not only will this keep the crickets at a distance, but a number of other creepy crawlies as well.

In Summary

How long crickets live can vary due to a number of different reasons, but the longest they will normally live is about a year. This may come as a relief to many people, as it means they won’t be around forever like other insects. Some may even find it a little sad, knowing that the song of the cricket will be short-lived. Either way, crickets can be annoying, and they can cause damage to your property, so if you want them gone, they are much easier to get rid of than other bugs.

About the author

M. Steven